Yellow-Billed Oxpecker


20 cm.
Yellow bill with red tip
Red eye
Plain brown upperparts and head
Buff underparts and pale rump
Sexes similar. Juveniles have first a yellow bill and a narrow yellow eyering, both becoming dark brown and eventually like adults within the first year.


Found in open savanna. Some trees are required for breeding and roosting.


Almost all of their time is spend on large mammals (wild animals and domesticated).


The diet includes insects and ticks. The primary host is buffalo, followed by giraffe, impala and warthog.


A co-operative breeder, a pair is assisted by several helpers, which help feed the young. It nests in tree holes lined with hair plucked from livestock. 2–3 eggs are laid.