Common Ostrich

Scientific Name:
Struthio camelus
Sub-Saharan Africa
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About the Common Ostrich

The Common Ostrich (Struthio camelus) is the largest living bird species and is native to Africa.


Common Ostriches are primarily found in open grasslands, savannas, and semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa. They prefer habitats with short grass or sparse vegetation, which allows them to see potential predators from a distance. Ostriches are also known to inhabit desert areas, scrublands, and even agricultural areas where suitable habitat is available.


Common Ostriches are massive birds, with males (cocks) standing up to 2.8 meters (9 feet) tall and weighing around 120 to 150 kilograms (265 to 330 pounds), while females (hens) are slightly smaller, standing about 2.1 to 2.3 meters (7 to 7.5 feet) tall and weighing around 90 to 110 kilograms (200 to 245 pounds). They have long necks, long legs, and a large body covered in soft, downy feathers. Best Viewing The best places to view Common Ostriches are in wildlife reserves, national parks, and private game reserves throughout sub-Saharan Africa where they are commonly found. These birds are often seen in open grasslands and savannas, where they feed on vegetation and forage for food. Guided safaris or game drives in areas known for their ostrich populations can provide excellent opportunities for viewing these iconic birds up close.