Scientific Name:
Tringa nebularia
Sub-Saharan Africa
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About the Greenshank

The Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a medium-sized wader bird found in various wetland habitats across Eurasia and Africa.


Greenshanks inhabit a range of wetland habitats during their breeding and wintering seasons. They can be found in coastal mudflats, estuaries, saltmarshes, mangrove swamps, and shallow freshwater habitats such as lakes, ponds, and marshes. During migration, they may also occur in inland wetlands and flooded fields. These birds prefer areas with shallow water and muddy or sandy substrates where they can feed on invertebrates.


Greenshanks are medium-sized waders, measuring approximately 28 to 32 centimeters (11 to 12.5 inches) in length, with a wingspan of about 60 to 70 centimeters (24 to 28 inches). They have long legs, a long, slightly upturned bill, and a white belly contrasting with gray-brown upperparts. In flight, they display white wing bars and a prominent white rump. Best Viewing The best places to view Greenshanks depend on the season. During the breeding season, they are found in northern Europe and Asia, often in remote wetland areas. In winter, they migrate to warmer regions, including coastal areas of Africa, the Mediterranean, and parts of Asia. Look for Greenshanks in their preferred habitats, such as mudflats, estuaries, and shallow coastal waters.