Ludwig's Bustard

Scientific Name:
Neotis ludwigii
Sub-Saharan Africa
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About the Ludwig's Bustard

Ludwig's Bustard (Neotis ludwigii) is a large and elusive bird species native to southern Africa.


Ludwig's Bustards inhabit open grasslands, savannas, and semi-arid plains with sparse vegetation. They are often found in areas with short grass, where they can forage for insects and small vertebrates. These bustards prefer habitats with scattered trees or bushes, which they use as lookout points to scan for predators and potential mates. They are mainly found in countries such as Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa.


Ludwig's Bustards are among the largest flying birds in Africa, measuring approximately 90 to 110 centimeters (35 to 43 inches) in length, with a wingspan of about 190 to 230 centimeters (75 to 91 inches). They have a long neck, a stout body, long legs, and a relatively small head compared to their body size. Their plumage is predominantly brown and cryptically patterned, providing excellent camouflage against their grassland habitat. Best Viewing The best places to view Ludwig's Bustards are in open grasslands and savannas within their range. Look for them in areas with short grass and scattered vegetation, where they are commonly found foraging for food on the ground. These bustards are often seen walking slowly and methodically through the grasslands, using their keen eyesight to spot prey and predators.