Red Billed Hornbill

Scientific Name:
Tockus erythrorhynchus
Sub-Saharan Africa
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About the Red Billed Hornbill

The Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus) is a species of hornbill found in sub-Saharan Africa.


Red-billed Hornbills inhabit a variety of habitats, including woodlands, savannas, scrublands, and thornveld. They are often found in areas with scattered trees or bushes, where they can perch and forage for food. These hornbills are commonly seen in both natural and human-modified landscapes, including agricultural areas, urban parks, and gardens.


Red-billed Hornbills are medium-sized birds, measuring approximately 42 to 50 centimeters (16.5 to 19.7 inches) in length, with a wingspan of about 60 to 70 centimeters (23.6 to 27.6 inches). They have a robust body, a long, curved bill, and a relatively long tail. Their plumage is predominantly black or dark gray, with white or pale markings on the wings and underparts. They have a distinctive red bill and red facial skin around the eyes. Best Viewing The best places to view Red-billed Hornbills are in habitats with suitable trees and perching sites, such as woodlands, savannas, and thornveld. Look for them perched on branches or flying between trees, where they search for food and communicate with other hornbills. These birds are often seen in pairs or small family groups, especially during the breeding season when they gather to nest and raise their young.