Red Billed Spurfowl

Scientific Name:
Francolinus adspersus
Sub-Saharan Africa
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About the Red Billed Spurfowl

The Red-billed Spurfowl, also known as the Red-billed Francolin (Francolinus adspersus), is a species of bird native to southern Africa.


Red-billed Spurfowls are typically found in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, savannas, scrublands, woodlands, and bushveld. They are adaptable birds and can also inhabit agricultural areas, as well as parks and gardens. These spurfowls prefer areas with dense vegetation and cover, where they can forage for food and find suitable nesting sites. They are often seen scratching the ground for seeds, insects, and other food items.


Red-billed Spurfowls are medium-sized birds, measuring approximately 30 to 35 centimeters (12 to 14 inches) in length. They have a plump body, a short tail, and relatively long legs. Their plumage is predominantly brown or grayish-brown, with intricate barring and mottling on the feathers. They have a distinctive red bill, red legs, and red facial skin around the eyes. Best Viewing The best places to view Red-billed Spurfowls are in their native habitats within southern Africa. Look for them in grasslands, savannas, and woodlands with dense vegetation and cover, where they are commonly found foraging for food on the ground. These spurfowls are often seen walking or running through the undergrowth, scratching the ground with their feet in search of insects, seeds, and other food items.