Southern Yellow-Billed Hornbill


48 to 60 cm
Long yellow beak
Male has a casque
Bare red skin around eyes and malar stripe
White belly
Grey neck
Black back covered with white spots and stripes


Dry Acacia and broad-leafed woodlands. Frequently they can be sighted along roads.


Common, near endemic resident. USually occurs in pairs or small family groups in the non breeding season.


They feed mainly on the ground foraging for seeds, small insects, spiders and scorpions. They also eat small vertebrates, eggs, fruit, seeds and young leaves. Termites and ants are a preferred food source in the dry season.


The clutch consists of 3 to 4 white eggs usually laid in a natural cavity in a tree trunk. Incubation lasts for or about 25 days. Juveniles maturing after about 45 days.